Gigabit Ethernet is part of the communication standard and computer networking of the Ethernet family. It is one of the fastest ethernets with a maximum rate of 1000 Mbps. It is used in a LAN network and is widely used in various enterprise networks. This ethernet is usually carried through the optical fiber wires.
How Does It Work?
This ethernet can transfer data of 1 gigabit per second and hence, it is taking over the internet market at great speed. This ethernet usually needs fiber optical wires or a special network cable, however, it does work on the regular ethernet cables. These cables should, however, have the CAT6 and CAT5e standards of cabling. The gigabit ethernet supports duplex operations, which means that it can be used in any kind of networking, i.e. MAC and OSI.
How Fast Does It Work?
Any network cannot transfer messages beyond the transfer rate of 900 Mbps. This is due to the re-transmission and network overhead issues. However, this speed may depend on various other factors too. The disk drives installed in your PC play a big role in controlling the speed of the internet. Another factor that affects the speed of the internet is the bandwidth. If the bandwidth is less, then the speed of your internet will be slow and vice-versa.
Some CPUs are not strong enough to handle the speed of gigabit ethernet. For this ethernet to work at its full capacity, the CPU or the home routers should have the capacity to handle the load and support all incoming and outgoing data. If the network traffic increases, then the router tends to get slow and is unable to process the data connection to its full capacity. However, it may reach its full capacity when the network traffic is low.
Identifying the Network for Gigabit Ethernet
All networks have the same connection type, i.e. RJ-45. This connection type supports gigabit and fast ethernet connections. Every ethernet cable has a stamp on it that helps us to identify the network standard that it supports. However, with just this information it is not possible to know whether the cable will be able to support the speed of the internet or not.
To check the speed of the ethernet, you can check your computer settings. The control panel in your PC will have a network centre that offers the information on the speed of your ethernet. You need to keep in mind that even though the speed of the internet depends a lot on the modem, it also depends on the ethernet speed you are choosing.